Also: Petroselinum crispum, Peterle, Peterchen, Peterling, Bittersilche, Root parsley, Tuber parsley
Parsley was discovered in the Mediterranean. It is grown all over Europe.
There will be two types differentiated:
a) Leaf parsley: curly-leaved / flat-leaved
Belongs to the umbellifer family. The leaves are divided into several triple teeth, shiny on the top, have three leaves each on a stem and at the With curly-leaved parsley, the leaves are also heavily frayed.
b) root parsley ("tuber parsley")
The only difference between its leaves and leaf parsley is their length and size.
The tuber becomes up to 15cm long and is yellowish-white.
In the first year they grow smooth or curly leaves and a flower with yellow-green umbels grows in the second year.
The parsley herb can be bought all year round. In summer it grows in spice beds, in the garden or in window boxes and in winter in greenhouses. Parsley roots are harvested from June-November.
Taste and smell:
Curly parsley: Strong, slightly bitter.
Flat leaf parsley: Mild, flavorful
Parsley root: sweetish, slightly hot.
Smell: Fresh: Spicy, intense. Dried / Freeze-dried: Rather unpleasant odor.
Cooking and kitchen technical use:
You should keep parsley in a cool and dark place. They are best stored fresh in a glass of water or in a damp cloth in the refrigerator.
When dried / freeze-dried, it is best to store it in a closed container in airtight packaging.
Flat-leaf parsley is used for seasoning, while curly parsley is used for decoration. Fresh parsley must not be cooked as this will cause the color and vitamins to be lost. Dried / freeze-dried parsley should be brought to the boil once and then allowed to draw with it.
Parsley root is mainly used as a component of the bouquet garni, as a vegetable side dish.
Dishes - parsley leaf
Soup / stews: herb soup, carrot soup, potato soup, parsley soup, cauliflower soup, asparagus soup, as a garnish for broths with a filler.
Meat / poultry: grilled meat with herb butter, schnitzel with lemon wedge and parsley garnish, boiled beef with herb sauce, in minced meat batter, in fillings for poultry.
Fish: Steamed fish with herb butter, fried fish with parsley dip, "Müllerinart",
Egg dishes: pancakes, scrambled eggs, filled eggs, boiled eggs as a garnish for cold plates, omelets, egg fricassee
Vegetables: cauliflower, carrots, black salsify, kohlrabi, mushrooms, tomatoes, peas
Salads: Dressing of leaf salads, radish salad, pea salad, chicken salad, fish salad, egg salad, sausage salad, meat salad
Other: Dumplings, parsley potatoes, Maultaschen, as a coloring agent for pasta, part of the herb bouquet, mixed milk drinks, vegetable juice with parsley
Dishes - parsley root
Soups / stews: pureed parsley cream soup, as an insert in clear soups, pureed white bean soup with parsley root, parsnip parsley cream soup
Meat / poultry: Steamed chicken breast, poached pork, with braised beef
Fish: steamed parsley root with cod and cream sauce, saithe with steamed parsley roots
Vegetables: stewed, steamed
Parsley roots in cream sauce, as a filling for pancakes; vegetable casserole
Use in dietetics:
Parsley has an appetizing and diuretic effect due to the high potassium content.